Images of women figured prominently in government sponsored WWI posters. In many posters, as in James Montgomery Flagg’s “Sow the Seeds of Victory!” women were visualized acting within the traditionally feminine domestic sphere.  While many lower and working-class black and white women had been toiling alongside men in factories and working as domestic servants since before the turn of the century, middle and upper-class white married women remained at home. Here, Flagg represents the government’s call for women to use their homes as sites crucial for the war effort, in this case to grow their own produce in order to reduce their family’s demand for farm-produced goods that were needed to feed Allied soldiers abroad. As is typical of many posters, women were visualized abstractly as allegorical symbols of Columbia representing justice, freedom, and democracy, core principles of the nation. While these depictions of women embodied the nation symbolically, some scholars argue such abstraction failed to fully recognize women as participants in the war effort.